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Important articles, books and documents:
- WHO recommendations on self-care interventions: self-management of medical abortion
- Coronavirus (COVID-19) infection and abortion care
- Telemedicine for medical abortion: a systematic review
- Clinical follow-up compared with self-assessment of outcome after medical abortion: a multicentre, non-inferiority, randomised, controlled trial. Oppegaard KS1, Qvigstad E2, Fiala C3, Heikinheimo O4, Benson L5, Gemzell-Danielsson K6. Lancet. 2015 Feb 21;385(9969):698-704
- John Riddle. Contraception and Abortion from the ancient world to the renaissance. Harvard University Press 1994.
- Gilda Sedgh et al. Induced abortion: incidence and trends worldwide from 1995 to 2008. The lancet Volume 379, Issue 9816, 18–24 February 2012. Pages 625–632.
- World Health Organization. Safe abortion: technical and policy guidance for health systems (2012). Second edition.
- Preventable maternal mortality and morbidity and human rights. Human Rights Council Eleventh Session Resolution 11/8
- World abortion laws
- von Hertzen H et al. Efficacy of two intervals and two routes of administration of misoprostol for termination of early pregnancy: a randomised controlled equivalence trial. The Lancet. 2007 Jun 9;369(9577):1938-46.
- Kulier R. Medical methods for first trimester abortion. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011 Nov 9;(11):CD002855.
- Nanda K et al. Expectant care versus surgical treatment for miscarriage. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Mar 14;3:CD003518
- Gomperts RJ et al. Using telemedicine for termination of pregnancy with mifepristone and misoprostol in settings where there is no access to safe services. BJOG. 2008 Aug;115(9):1171-5; discussion 1175-8.
- Gomperts R et al. Regional differences in surgical intervention following medical termination of pregnancy provided by telemedicine. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2012 Feb;91(2):226-31.
- Gomperts R et al. Provision of medical abortion using telemedicine in Brazil. Contraception. 2013 Nov 12.
- The General Comment of the Committee on Economic Social and Cultural Rights on the right to the highest attainable standard of health in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights at paragraph 42 states: “While only States are parties to the Covenant and thus ultimately accountable for compliance with it, all members of society - individuals, including health professionals, families, local communities, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, as well as the private business sector - have responsibilities regarding the realization of the right to health. State parties should therefore provide an environment which facilitates the discharge of these responsibilities.
Reference List Q and A
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- MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, Ectopic pregnancy
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- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (1999) The Rh Factor: How It Can Affect Your Pregnancy. Medem Network: Medical Library.
- Schaff, E.A., S.L. Fielding, S.H. Eisinger et al. (2000) Low-dose mifepristone followed by vaginal misoprostol at 48 hours for abortion up to 63 days. Contraception 61:41-46.
- Rossi, Brooke, Mitchell D. Creinin and Leslie A. Meyn. (2004) Ability of the clinician and patient to predict the outcome of mifepristone and misoprostol medical abortion. Contraception 70:313-17.
- Grimes, David A. and Mitchell D. Creinin. (2004) Induced Abortion: An Overview for Internists. Annals of Internal Medicine 140(8):620-27.
- Rayas, Luca, Diane Catotti and Ana Corts. (2004) Achieving ICPD commitments for abortion care in Latin America: The unfinished agenda. Ipas: Chapel Hill, NC. IPAS
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- Shannon, C., L. P. Brothers, N. Philip and B. Winikoff. (2004) Ectopic Pregnancy and Medical Abortion. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 104(1):161-167.
- Saraiya M, Green CA, Berg CJ, Hopkins FW, Koonin LM, Atrash HK. (1999) Spontaneous abortion-related deaths among women in the United States ? 1981-1991. Obstetrics and Gynecology 94(2):172-6.
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- Berg, Cynthia J., Jeani Chang, William M. Callaghan, and Sara J. Whitehead. (2003) Pregnancy-Related Mortality in the United States, 1991 1997. Obstetrics and Gynecology 101(2):289-296.
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- Creinin, Mitchel D, Eliane Shore, Shyamala Balasubramanian and Bryna Harwood. (2005) The true cost differential between mifepristone and misoprostol and misoprostol-alone regimens for medical abortion.
- World Health Organization. WHO Mortality Database.
- Creinin MD, Aubeny E. (1999) Medical Abortion in early pregnancy. In: A Clinician's Guide to Medical and Surgical Abortion, Paul M, Lichtenberg ES, Borgatta L, Grimes DA and Stubblefield PG, eds. Churchill Livingstone: New York.
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- Rozenberg P, Chevret S, Camus E, Tayrac R, Garbin O, Poncheville L, Coiffic J, Lucot JP, Le Gouell F, Tardif D, Allouche C, Fernandez H, and GROG. (2003) Medical treatment of ectopic pregnancies: a randomized clinical trial comparing methotrexate-mifepristone and methotreate-placebo. Human Reproduction 18(9):1802-08.
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- Middleton T, Schaff EA, Fielding SL, Scahill M, Shannon C, Westheimer E, Wilkinson T, Winikoff B. Randomized trial of mifepristone and buccal or vaginal misoprostol for abortion through 56 days of LMP. Contraception 2005; 72:328-332.
- Hannafin B, Lovecchio F, Do Rh-negative women with first trimester spontaneous abortions need Rh immune globulin? Am J Emerg Med. 2006 Jul;24(4):487-9.
- "Frequently asked clinical questions about medical abortion", WHO
- How much supervision is necessary for women taking mifepristone and misoprostol for early medical abortion? Caitlin Shannon1 & Beverly Winikoff, Women's Health, March 2008, Vol. 4, No. 2, Pages 107-111
- Early abortion pill information
- Repeat Abortion in the United States Jones RK, Singh S, Finer LB, Frohwirth LF, Occasional Report No. 29, November 2006, p.13
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- Gynuity (2009) Providing medical abortion in low-resource settings: An Introductory Guidebook, Second Edition
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- Henderson J.T., Hwang A.C., Harper C.C., Stewart F.H. (2005) Safety of mifepristone abortions in clinical use; Contraception. 72; 175 – 178
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Timing of Misoprostol administration:
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