Morocco's Government Council asked for a charter on children's rights in Islam banning most abortions



At a meeting on 22 August 2019, the Moroccan Government Council was asked to approve the International Covenant on the Rights of the Child in Islam, adopted in 2005 at the 32nd Session of the Council of Foreign Ministers of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

The Center for Human Rights and Democracy Studies, a Moroccan NGO founded by Habib Belkouch, criticized the text of the covenant because it "does not respect the international obligations Morocco has ratified" in the UN Convention on Human Rights. It "includes controversial issues", such as the ban on abortion.

Prior to the signing of the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Islam in 2005 at the 32nd Session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers, the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination notes that Morocco has acceded to the Convention. The Center explains that the latter, an international treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, contains the best international standards and protocols in this area.

The Ottoman government said yesterday that the Covenant signed under the auspices of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) aims to "care for the family, strengthen its status and ensure a safe and secure childhood". However, the Center for Human Rights and Democracy finds this text "inferior" in terms of standards and rights, and the lack of monitoring and accountability mechanisms within it.

Nor does it respect Morocco's international obligations, which have ratified most of the international conventions and which have become an integral part of the 2011 Constitution. Abortion is prohibited unless the health of the mother and fetus is at risk. This issue has been addressed by the National Council for Human Rights (CNDH), who argue that the debate on abortion should develop within a coherent vision.